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Intramuros, Manila - The Walled City

Intramuros is the oldest district in Manila and the home of many historical events in Philippine History.  It is known as the Walled City of Manila and was center of the Spanish government during their colonial period.  Intramuros is a Latin word, which means "within the walls."

The construction of this walls started by the Spaniards on 1590 and continued under many governor-generals until 1872, this is to protect and to defend the city from a the foreign invasions.   The walled city was originally located along the shores of  Manila Bay and has an irregular shape, but looks like an Ace of Spades.  It follows the shape of Manila Bay and the curves of Pasig River.  It covers 64 hectares land area and surrounded by 8 feet thick stones and 22 feet high walls.

During Word War 2, Intramuros was damaged during the Battle of Manila (Liberation of Manila) fought by American, Filipino and Japanese forces from February 3 to March 3, 1945.  The construction of this bastion was carried on during different periods thus, it was not built according to uniform plan. 

Who are those Historical People involve in building this walls?

Gov. Juan de Silva - he executed certain works on the fortifications in 1609.  He was from Trujillo, Spain and was a Spanish military commander and governor of the Philippines from April 1609 until his death on April 19, 1616.

The structure was then improved by Juan Nino de Tabora in 1626 when he was a Spanish governor-general and colonial official until his death on July 22, 1632.  He was born in Galicia and came from a powerful family.  Nominated as governor and captain general of the Philippines and the president of the Royal Audiencia of Manila.  He took the galleon El Almirante and left New Spain (now Mexico) for the Philippines on March 25, 1626.

Diego Fajardo Chacon he was a Spanish military officer and governor of the Philippines for nine years (from August 11, 1644 to July 25, 1653.)  He came from New Spain (now Mexico) and in 1644, he had improved the walls after de Tabora.

 Here are the photos taken before entering the walls of Intramuros City.  Captured: December 26, 2012.

At the gate
Here are the photos, taken at The Bamboo Garden with Delg

Fort Santiago is a fortress which is a part of the structures of Intramuros walls.  This historical structure was first built by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi for the newly founded city of Manila, Philippines.  This fort is the most important historical sites in Manila as Dr. Jose Rizal was imprisoned here before he was executed in 1896. 

Main Entrance of Fort Santiago
At the early years, Fort Santiago was a part of the side of a stake wall of Raja Sulaiman, a Muslim chieftain.  It was destroyed by Martin de Goiti (maestre de campo or master of camp) from Cebu on 1570.  Then the Spaniards started building this Fort after the city of Manila was established and made it as the capital of the Philippines under Spanish colonization on June 24, 1571.  The first fort was a structure of palm logs and earth but it was destroyed during the Chinese invasion led by Limahong.  Then Martin de Goiti was killed during the fight.  Continue Reading Here: Fort Santiago

Here's the 360 degrees shot at Plaza de Armas

The Walls of Raja Sulaiman Theater

Guard standing at Rizal Shrine
Here are the photos taken at Rizal Shrine interior

This large painting is situated at the Entrance of Rizal Shrine

Intramuros Manila is now under new management and they are now doing their best to retain what's the significance and importance of this Historical site to our country.  They created several plans to promote and reach the younger generation through Education and Education will be the key for a successful Philippines.  If you want to read our trip story, Click Here: TravellingCup

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